Area under jhum cultivation significantly reduced in.
ITANAGAR: Arunachal Pradesh has made a significant progress in gradually doing away with the age-old practice of jhum cultivation or shifting cultivation, which degrades the environment. Jhum.
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The state of Arunachal Pradesh Bill was passed by the Parliament in 1986 and with effect from February 20, 1987 Arunachal Pradesh became the 24th state of Indian Union. Arunachal Pradesh, the land of rising sun, is situated in the North-East extrimity of India. The state is the largest among all the north-eastern states. The state has a long international border with Bhutan in the west.
Arunachal Pradesh has made a significant progress in gradually doing away with the age-old practice of jhum cultivation or shifting cultivation, which degrades the environment. High altitude and very high altitude areas — m have a subtropical highland climate and alpine climate.
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Arunachal Pradesh with a massive 94% rural population is the largest state in the North-East India. Consequently, the economy of the state is based of agriculture. Jhum cultivation and Terrace farming are the major patterns that the farmers employ to uplift agriculture in Arunachal Pradesh. In Jhum cultivation, lands are prepared by cutting down or burning the unwanted cultivation, while in.
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Arunachal Pradesh. The state characterized by per-humid ecosystem has elevated ridges and intermontane valleys. The cultivated area is less than 2 % of the total geographical area of 8.2 million ha. The soils are moderately deep, acidic and low in phosphorus. Agriculture is the primary occupation of farming community. Rice is the dominant crop. Soil erosion is a problem with jhuming on hill.
Jhum cultivation is the main occupation of the farmers in Arunachal Pradesh and it has been practiced since past few decades. Majority of people in Arunachal Pradesh are dependent on this field of agriculture for their livelihood. Jhuming involves cleaning a particular portion of jungle by cutting off the trees and burning them and then sowing seeds in those clear areas with the help of a.
Jhum cultivation is a kind of subsistence cultivation. It is an age old system of agriculture among the different tribes of Arunachal Pradesh. The Galo tribe progress to full use of the ecological and environmental conditions to their advantage. The integral nature of their socio-cultural life is thus woven around Jhum which is not merely an agricultural activity, but a way of life. This paper.
Jhum cultivation and Terrace farming are the major patterns that the farmers employ to uplift agriculture in Arunachal Pradesh. In Jhum cultivation, lands are prepared by cutting down or burning.
It may be observed from this figure that in the Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh good tracts of Oak forest have been transformed into pines, scrubs and grasses, while in Shiliong (Meghalaya) and Cachar Hills (Assam) bamboo and Sal (teak) forest have been transformed into deciduous scrubs and grasses. Thus shifting cultivation is gradually reducing the forest wealth and damaging the ecology.
Arunachal Pradesh’s diverse terrain, climate, and soils are reflected in its fauna and flora. About two-thirds of the state is forested, with a wide belt of swampy rainforest lying along the foothills. Forests of tropical evergreens and subtropical pines (as well as subtropical mixed broad-leaved and pine forests) are found in lower elevations. As elevation increases, the woodlands give way.
JHUM CULTIVATION AMONG WANCHO TRIBE OF ARUNACHAL PRADESH Agricultural practices among Wanchos. Immature rice field Shifting cultivation is the most prominent type of agriculture usually followed in this region. Indigenous shifting cultivators have a vast store of local knowledge about their particular landscape and how best to maintain it for survival, and have much to teach the world about.
The people of Arunachal Pradesh follow terrace cultivation and they are also very much interested in breeding lot of yak and mountain sheeps. The same culture is also followed by another group of tribes living in the mountain ranges of the northern border namely the Membas and Khambas. The eastern part of the state is occupied by the Khamptis and Singphos who have migrated from Thailand and.